|Licensing required for enrollment||80%||89%|
|Process for license-exempt programs||50%||21%|
|Licensing equivalent to the first QRIS level||53%||42%|
In 2016, 80% (n=32) of QRIS require licensing for enrollment into the QRIS for center-based early care and education (ECE) programs. In 18 of these 32 QRIS, licensing is equivalent to the first level of the QRIS. For an additional three QRIS, licensing is not required for enrollment but is equivalent to the first level. A total of 21 states (53%) make licensing equivalent to the first level. For 20 (50%) QRIS, a process is in place for license-exempt center-based ECE programs to participate.
More QRIS require licensing as a prerequisite for participation for home-based than center-based programs. Of the thirty-eight QRIS that include home-based ECE programs, 34 (89%) require licensing for enrollment into their QRIS. A total of 16 states (42%) consider licensing to be equivalent to the first level in the QRIS for home-based ECE programs. For eight (21%) QRIS, a process is in place for license-exempt home-based ECE programs to participate.