In 2016, of the 40 states and localities with QRIS indicators for center-based early care and education (ECE) programs, 37 use an observational tool. Of those 37, 51% (n = 19) use more than one tool. The Environment Rating Scales (ERS) are the most commonly used observational tools for center-based ECE. Three quarters (75%) of states using the ERS for some purpose whether it be for the rating itself or for quality improvement. The Classroom Assessment Scoring System is the second most commonly used tool. Just under half (45%) of states use the CLASS tool.
Of the 38 states and localities with QRIS indicators for home-based ECE, 34 use an observational tool. Of those 34, 21% (n = 7) use more than one tool. As with Child Care Centers using the ERS, the most commonly used tool for home-based ECE is the FCCERS-R, used by 61% (n=28) of QRIS. After the ERS, the CLASS is second most often, by 17% (n=8) of QRIS, which is an increase from the 13% (n=6) that were using the tool in 2015.